Diagnosis of pulmonary conditions

Dr Mothilal is not only a physician but also boasts a specialisation in pulmonology. As a pulmonologist, he has extensive knowledge in diagnosing and treating a range of acute and chronic respiratory conditions and diseases. Dr Mothilal has completed additional training in general medicine, pulmonary medicine, and critical care medicine. He is a pulmonologist who possesses exceptional diagnostic and interventional abilities.

What are the signs to look out for?

Symptoms that may be a sign of a respiratory condition or pulmonary disorder include:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest tightness
  • A blue tint to the skin, lips or fingernails
  • Shortness of breath
  • A stubborn, persistent cough
  • Noisy breathing or wheezing
  • Chronic chest pain
  • A chronic stuffy or runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Chronic mucus that may be clear, white, yellow or greenish
  • Coughing up phlegm
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Fever and chills
  • Headaches
  • Coughing up blood

If you are experiencing these symptoms, it is important to see your physician to rule out any serious underlying condition and treat your breathing difficulties.

Most common pulmonary conditions

Diseases involving the lungs and other components of the respiratory system are known as pulmonary diseases. Infection, cigarette smoking, second-hand tobacco smoke, radon, asbestos, and other forms of air pollUTIon can all cause pulmonary illnesses. Pulmonary conditions include:

  • Asthma
  • Partial or complete collapse of the lung
  • Swelling in the bronchial tubes
  • COPD
  • Lung infection
  • Lung cancer
  • Fluid build-up
  • Blocked lung artery

There are three types of lung diseases, and they include:

  • Airway diseases

    The airways that transfer oxygen and other gases into and out of the lungs are affected by several disorders. The airways are frequently narrowed or blocked as a result of them.

  • Lung tissue diseases

    The structure of the lung tissue is affected by these disorders. The lungs are unable to expand adequately due to scarring or inflammation of the tissue. The lungs have a hard time taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide as a result of this

  • Lung circulation diseases

    The blood arteries in the lungs are affected by several disorders. Clotting, scarring, or inflammation of the blood vessels cause them. They impair the lungs' ability to take in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.

How can a diagnosis be made?

After obtaining information regarding your medical history and doing a physical exam, Dr Mothilal may want to perform a few diagnostic procedures to confirm his diagnosis. These may include one or more of the following pulmonary procedures:

  • Lung function testing
  • Lung ultrasound
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Endobronchial ultrasound
  • Sleep studies
Schedule an appointment

Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital

Suite 1613, 16th floor, Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital, Cnr DF Malan Street and Rua Bartholemeu Dias Plain, Foreshore, Cape Town, 8001