As your physician, Dr Mothilal is able to assist in the diagnosis and screening of various conditions that affect the body. From mental health and cognitive disorder evaluations to infectious diseases such as TB and HIV, and gastrointestinal conditions, he has the expertise and experience to diagnose and treat a variety of acute and chronic conditions.
For diagnosis, your physician may do a comprehensive physical exam as well as collect any information regarding your medical history. Often, one or more diagnostic procedures are also done to investigate a wide range of illnesses and conditions. These may include one or more of the following diagnostic procedures:
A blood test may be done to test and measure the amount of various types of blood cells in a sample of your blood. With a blood sample, your physician can detect the presence of various cells or pathogens within the blood in order to make an accurate diagnosis targeting your specific symptom or problem.
The electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a diagnostic tool used to assess the electrical and muscular functions of the heart. It is used to take a recording of the electrical activity of the heart using electrodes placed on the skin. An electrocardiogram can give an indication of the heart's rate and rhythm. The rate is how fast the heart beats while the rhythm is the type of heartbeat. Too fast, too slow or irregularities in the rhythm of the heartbeat may be an indication of a cardiac condition.
An electrocardiogram can be done while one is on a treadmill - this is known as a stress ECG or stress test. A stress test is useful in determining if you have heart disease and may be used to assess symptoms like chest pain, heart palpitations, and shortness of breath. An electrocardiogram can even be done over a period of 24 hours while wearing a Holter ECG monitor. This cardiac monitoring generally refers to continuous or intermittent monitoring of heart activity through the use of a Holter monitor.
To get an accurate blood pressure reading, your doctor may advise wearing a digital blood pressure monitor for 24 hours. This is called an Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM). While you continue with daily life, the small, portable monitor is usually attached to your body and connected to a cuff around your upper arm and will read and measure your blood pressure, providing your physician with 24hours worth of data for a comprehensive diagnosis to be made.
To test heart function, structure and size. An echocardiogram makes use of sound waves to produce an image of your heart, which will allow one to visualise it and identify any signs of heart disease.
A lung function test, otherwise known as a pulmonary function test (PFT), is a non-invasive diagnostic procedure done to test how well the lungs work by measuring lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This procedure may be done to diagnose or screen for respiratory conditions such as asthma, allergies, chronic bronchitis and respiratory infections.
Bronchoscopy is a form of endoscopy (camera study) which uses a flexible scope attached to a camera at the end. It can visualises the inside of the lungs and allow for washings, brushings or biopsies to be taken. It can help in the diagnosis of chest infections, lung cancer and interstitial lung disease. An endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a revolutionary diagnostic procedure done for the lungs to diagnose different types of lung disorders, using ultrasound along with bronchoscopy to visualize the airway wall and structures adjacent to it and may be used to take a sample of the lung tissue with a small needle. These are usually well tolerated, painless procedures that are done under general anaesthetic with an anaesthetist present.
Polysomnography is a type of sleep study done for diagnostic purposes. Dr Mothilal may suggest this sleep study record your night-time sleep patterns in terms of periods of apnoea (stopping breathing) measured by the oxygen level in your blood, brain waves, , heart rate and breathing, as well as eye and leg movements. These results should give an indication of the quality of your sleep and help diagnose sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnoea, central sleep apnoea unexplained chronic insomnia and other sleep-related breathing disorders.